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Delays in Crawling and Walking Correlate With Delays in Reading and Writing Development


In this KidStrong knowledge bomb, Pediatric OT, Coach Emily, talks about how crawling and walking development correlate to reading and writing development. There is significant research that supports an important correlation between these two activities. In fact, if a child misses the gross motor milestone of crawling, they are often at risk for delays in written language and reading.


Why is this? When a child is starting to crawl, the left and right brain hemispheres communicate. This means that the left side of the brain talks to the right side of the body, and vice versa. The neural pathway being built allows each side of the brain to talk and communicate to the other. When we read and write, the left and right sides of the brain also need to communicate and talk. That same neural pathway that was built by running and crawling is a foundational precursor to allow a child to build the same pathways for language. This is why it is important for children to master those gross motor milestones long before talking and reading; it sets the stage for learning how to read and write. When we incorporate body movements like crawling and running, we are developing stronger neural pathways to ensure that those reading and writing pathways are ready for learning and developmental growth. For more knowledge bombs and parenting tips, check out KidStrong University.


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